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Les Sept Vies de l’Epervier (“The Seven Lives of the Sparrowhawk”) is a classic French graphic novels series.

It was firmly based on popular swashbuckler serials, films and novels such as those written by or inspired by Alexandre Dumas  or Paul Féval  . Plus a helping of Zorro.

Over the decades it became a sprawling historical graphic novel set during the early 1600s with lots of adventure, swordfights, melodrama, court intrigue, etc.. It occasionally doubles as an History manual.

It is also noted for the portrayal of its heroine, Ariane de Troïl, which was slightly ahead of its time.


A bit more context

It started as Masquerouge, a simple capes-and-rapiers comic published in working class children’s comics anthology Pif Gadget  in 1978.

The authors — André Juillard and Patrick Cothias — arced back to this story during the 1980s. They published a series of graphic novels as a prequel then sequel to Masquerouge.

This series, Les sept vies de l’Epervier is much more detailed. Especially when it comes to characterisation and historical research.

Further series of graphic novels in the same universe and with the same cast followed.

About the WORG translation

Masquerouge means “redmask”, but I indulged in a fancy translation.

”Damasque” is :

  1. A pun on the adjective “damaskColoured like a rose.”.
  2. Calls to mind the Damascus steel  used in high-quality swords.
  3. Evokes the rose as a symbol of romantism.
  4. Quadruples as a wink toward well-known swashbucklers Fanfan the Tulip and the Scarlet Pimpernel.
  5. Is a cognateSharing linguistic roots. of “Lady”. ”Dame” or “dama” in some Romance languages, with variations in others such as “donna”.

If the fancy letter in heroine Ariane de Troïl’s last name throws you off, just imagine it’s written “de Troyl”. That makes no difference within the range of common English vowels.

Housekeeping notes

  • This entry includes multiple S P O I L E R S. But on the other hand I think that the material was only ever published in French and Romanian.
  • This profile assumes that the various inconsistencies are retconsMaking changes to a character or story after the fact.. And that the more recent version therefore overwrites older accounts.
  • This covers all events until 1625. Data from later graphic novels isn’t taken into account.


This profile covers a fair bit of ground. It doesn’t feel too long since said ground is varied, but we’ve still cleft it in two halves for smartphone readers.


Masquerouge - 7 vies Epervier - Ariane de Troil - dessin de Juillard


  • Real Name: Baroness Ariane de Troïl.
  • Other Aliases: The Sparrowhawk III.
  • Known Relatives: Blanche de Troïl (mother, deceased), Yvon de Troïl (legal father), Gabriel de Troïl (biological father, aka Sparrowhawk I), Godefroy de Troïl (grandfather, deceased), Guillemot de Troïl (half-brother, deceased, aka Sparrowhawk II).
  • Group Affiliation: None.
  • Base Of Operations: Mobile through France during the XVIIth century.
  • Height: 5’5” (1.65m). Weight: 118 lbs. (53 Kg.).
  • Eyes: Green. Hair: Red.

Powers & Abilities

Ariane is a swashbuckling heroine, and thus :

  • An excellent equestrienne.
  • A fantastic fencer.
  • A superb shot.
  • An assured athlete.

She is also considerably stronger, faster, more charismatic, more dexterous and more intelligent than most of her contemporaries assume.

Her skills set includes basic military skills. Plus advanced woodsperson skills (including enough trapping skills to lay traps for men).

Ariane is also a skilled cutpurse, and fairly stealthy.

Flashing blades

She is trained both in old-fashioned, Middle Ages-style knightly skills and in then-modern fencing.

The latter seems to have a strong Italian influence, as she favours a rapier/dagger combo. But it is a French-style rapier, lighter and shorter than the typical Italian scherma sword.

She has a lot of practice at kicking her male opponents in the crotch.

Mademoiselle de Troïl also is a good archer. Presumably, Gabriel de Troïl taught her when Ariane was a tween.

The comics and graphic novels follow a common swashbuckling genre convention. Namely, ordinary opponents such as city guards and low-rent mercenary swordsmen can easily be defeated by superior fencers, even when they come in packs.

Masquerouge - 7 vies Epervier - Ariane de Troil - l'epervier largue de l'or

Bird of prey…

Damasque’s pet sparrowhawk  was described by onlookers as being “as big as an eagle”. This is clearly exaggeration.

Still, its talons are vicious and it is an expert at fly-by raking faces, quite possibly taking out eyes.

When it’s not perched on Damasque’s shoulder or falconer’s glove, it is flying high and keeping an eye on her.

Damasque doesn’t need to keep it hooded.

… flying high

There’s something supernatural to how well the sparrowhawk can follow Damasque’s commands. It behaves much like a smart dog, in the sense that it will even react to yelled commands.

In fact it sometimes understands commands it was never taught. Such as a screamed order to abort its attack.

Like a dog, it will spontaneously attack to defend its mistress.

Examples of even more complex stunts are :

  • Flying evasively over the right side of the castle as a diversion while Damasque’s busy climbing the left wall. Sparrowhawks are hard to hit, especially this one.
  • Having the sparrowhawk carry a laden purse in flight, and tear it open over a crowd to trigger a riot as people try to catch the falling coins. A variant involved creating a cloud of pepper.
  • Having the bird follow a specific person while high up in the sky, with Damasque indirectly tracking the person by following her bird. On some occasions the bird even spontaneously understood that Damasque would want to trail a specific person.
  • Quickly flying by and screeching to unnerve a gunman about to shoot Damasque. This is done if the person is too well-protect to claw at.
  • Flying back to Damasque for protection when the bird was chased by a larger raptor.
  • The sparrowhawk once flew down a chimney so it could defend its mistress indoors (!).

Given the role of “Merlin” and the crone (see below), the pet sparrowhawk may well be supernatural.


As it happens, French artist Yves Simon released a distinctive song some months before Masquerouge started publication.

The cryptic lyrics include an homage to Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald, and the composition includes charismatic strings work. Including a prominent mandolin, giving the song its mediaeval vibe.

Yvon de Troïl

The de Troïl fictional lineage is minor nobility. It hails from the mountains of Auvergne  , in South-Central France.

During the XVIIth century they were fervent Catholics. This was an important characteristic during the bloody French Wars of Religion  (1562-1598) between Protestants and Catholics.

The young knight Yvon de Troïl was sent to Paris by his father. His mission was to encourage the King of France, who favoured appeasement, to wage yet more massacres against Protestants.

St. Bartholomew’s Day

As it happened, Yvon arrived mere days before the infamous 1572 St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre  . Joining the Catholic death squads, Yvon killed the Admiral de Coligny  , the most senior Protestant leader in France.

As de Coligny failed to reveal himself as a demon upon dying, Yvon realised that his fanatical father had lied to him. And by refusing to claim the “honour” of the kill, he displeased the King.

Yvon then randomly ran into Walter Raleigh  , an English emissary in Paris. This soon led to meeting Henry, King of Navarre (the future Henry IV of France) and Queen Margaret  .


Raleigh and de Navarre hammered out a deal, and the young de Troïl thus became an agent of Henry.

(Walter Raleigh is the historical spy, explorer and general troubleshooter. He indeed lived in France for several years at that point. His biography during these years is nearly blank, allowing for the artistic licence of his involvement with Yvon de Troïl).

Yvon de Troïl is known to have been part of Raleigh’s travels in Southern America (and most famously his quest for El Dorado). But the details of these remain unrevealed.

Though he eventually returned to Auvergne, the events of the St. Bartholomew left him a firm anti-clericalist.

Masquerouge - 7 vies Epervier - Ariane de Troil gamine et Gabriel

Ariane de Troïl at age 8, and Gabriel as the Sparrowhawk.

Gabriel de Troïl

Yvon’s younger brother Gabriel was a captain in the French military. He was renowned for his extraordinary swordsmanship.

During his service, he became an acquaintance of three shifty musketeers who would later achieve fame  .

An habitual seducer, he became the lover of his sister-in-law, Blanche de Troïl. This may have begun whilst Yvon was away on his travels.

She became pregnant in early 1601. But the lovers felt crushed by shame over their betrayal of Yvon.

Blanche de Troïl

On the verge of giving birth, Blanche thought that the temperamental Yvon was going to kill her. She ran away in a panic. She was killed when she stepped onto a frozen lake.

However, Blanche survived long enough to give birth and protect her baby girl, whom Yvon and Gabriel found in time.

Ironically, Yvon came to think he had unjustly suspected his wife and brother, and that no adultery had taken place. However, he forbade everyone to ever talk about Blanche.

Her son Guillemot and her daughter Ariane thus grew up without knowing anything about their mother.

Devastated, Gabriel considered his life to be over. But a blind crone convinced him to dedicate his existence to a just cause instead. She also gifted him a sparrowhawk – a symbol of courage, light and justice.

Gabriel de Troïl became a red-masked activist and outlaw fighting for the people. Commoners named this local Robin Hood figure “the Sparrowhawk” after the bird accompanying him.

Masquerouge - 7 vies Epervier - Ariane de Troil - 9 ans

Ariane de Troïl at age 9.

Supernaturals & sparrowhawks

Two (perhaps three) seemingly supernatural persons are involved in this tale.

Leonard the Glib-Tongued is an apparently immortal street artist and prophet. Among other things, Leonard claims to be the secret master behind at least part of French history. He has heavily implied that he is Merlin the Enchanter.

Leonard looked the same in a story set in 1554 and in stories set during the 1620s. He seemingly worked over several generations so that Henry of Navarre would become King of France.

During the XVIth century Leonard was accompanied by a pretty young woman of highly variable appearance. She served as his assistant as part of his street theatre act.

Though she may have been a Vivian/Nimue figure, she was apparently a mortal apprentice. The self-proclaimed Merlin taught her sorcery.

Like Leonard, she knew the future. Both could also apparently summon and empower the spirits of the dead, as ghosts, and trigger hallucinations.

Masquerouge - 7 vies Epervier - Gabriel de Troil - costume et oiseau

Gabriel de Troïl as the Sparrowhawk.

What’s in a bird

The blind crone is apparently the same apprentice, albeit decades later. She seems to be conducting parts of Leonard’s master plan.

In particular she claimed that she was raising seven sparrowhawks, who would act as champions of justice and rebellion.

She is usually accompanied by a owl (symbol of secrets and wisdom) and a black goat (symbol of sorcery and Satan).

The crone was apparently slain in 1625 by a crowd accusing her of witchery. But she had already recruited and trained a successor.

The crone all but stated that she served the Devil. Most of Leonard’s close associates think that he is the Devil as well as Merlin. This Devil, though, is more a figure of freedom and rebellion than of evil.

The “seven sparrowhawks” are in chronological order :

  • Henry IV of France.
  • Gabriel de Troïl.
  • Louis XIII of France (son of Henry).
  • Guillemot de Troïl.
  • Ariane de Troïl.
  • Unrevealed at this point of the story.
  • Unrevealed at this point of the story.


Ariane de Troïl

Ariane was born on the 27th of September, 1601. That was the same day as Louis, son of Yvon de Troïl’s master Henry IV.

Yvon raised her in the same way as her brother – up to and including training in obsolete chivalry skills. Such as lancing, and broadsword-and-shield fighting.

Ariane was fascinated by the Sparrowhawk. But she didn’t suspect that it was actually her father Gabriel. She even briefly met him when she was 8.

The masque of red’s deal

Ariane developed a romantic girlhood fixation on the red-masked Sparrowhawk. She crafted herself a makeshift mask out of a pumpkin. During a second chance encounter, she helped him escape after he attacked the castle of an abusive local nobleman.

The Sparrowhawk’s interest in Ariane led Yvon to realise that the masked vigilante was Gabriel. And therefore, that Ariane was probably Gabriel’s daughter after all.

Yvon secretly confronted the martially superior Gabriel, in what was essentially a suicide attempt. But Gabriel refused to kill him and fled.

Ariane now routinely rode out to meet the Sparrowhawk. He became her friend but did not have the heart to tell her about Blanche – or that he was her father.

Masquerouge - 7 vies Epervier - Ariane de Troil - jeune avec ecu et epee

As a teenager.


As the Sparrowhawk kept defeating his foes, it was decided that he was in league with Satan. Hyronimus the Persecutor, a fanatical witchhunter, was thus summoned.

The inquisitor and the men-at-arms of local nobles invaded the castle of the de Troïls.

When it became clear that little Ariane would be tortured as a witch, old Yvon went berserk. He unexpectedly broke his bonds and slew most of the rabble in his castle.

Ariane fled, found Hyronimus and shot him in the back. But the former Jesuit had already vanquished the Sparrowhawk and cleft away his left arm.

To Paris

Gabriel reconciled with Yvon on the spot. However, for Yvon’s and Ariane’s sake he lied to his brother. He swore to him that Blanche had never betrayed him and that Ariane was Yvon’s daughter.

Gabriel then left for Paris.

Though Gabriel intended to abandon his role as a masked man of justice, he first confronted the boy-king Louis. He encouraged Louis to be a fair and just ruler upholding the welfare of the commoners.

Though the masked man was captured and lost an eye, the intervention had a strong effect on the 9-year-old Louis XIII  .

Masquerouge - 7 vies Epervier - Ariane de Troil - trouve Guillemot mort

Ariane finds Guillemot (as the Sparrowhawk) dead.

Guillemot de Troïl

Ariane was determined to see a new Sparrowhawk take the place of the fallen one. She captured a baby sparrowhawk in its nest and tamed it. She also crafted a red cloak and mask resembling the Sparrowhawk’s.

Despite her martial talents she assumed that, being a girl, she couldn’t be a warrior. Instead, she convinced Guillemot to become the Sparrowhawk. However, both were but in their early teens at that point. Thus, it was mostly play-acting.

Furthermore, she considered that Guillemot wouldn’t be ready until he could defeat her while sparring. And she simply was better.

Breaking bad

In 1617, everything went bad.

Though eager to please his little sister and to prove his manhood, Guillemot was a failure as the new red-masked vigilante. He would have been caught in an ambush had his kid sister not bailed him out.

Guillemot was killed in action a few days later.

While struggling against enemies of the Sparrowhawk, Ariane was raped by Germain Grandpin. Grandpin was a friend of Gabriel de Troïl who mistook her for some expendable commoner girl.

On the next day, Yvon de Troïl hung himself. He could no longer bear the nightmares and hallucinations about Blanche he had endured for more than 15 years.

To be continued

The remainder of the entry — the rest of the History, the quotes, the characterisation, the stats, etc. — is in .

By Sébastien Andrivet.

Source of Character: Les Sept Vies de l‘Epervier and Masquerouge graphic novels. This covers all events until 1625 – data from later graphic novels isn’t taken into account.

Helper(s): Darci, Peter Piispanen.

Writeup completed on the 23rd of February, 2015.