14 min read


Michel Vaillant is one of the honoured brontosauruses of Francophone comics.

Short stories were published in comics magazines in 1957, but the series started in earnest in 1959. It was rebooted decades later, after 70 graphic novels.

There also were a TV series, an animated series, a movie, etc..

It’s a sports comics, about racing motorcars. So it goes “vroom” a lot.

I think there was an obscure English translation once, but otherwise everything’s in French or Dutch. Edit after reader feedback – there were Finnish translations in the 1970s, and these might be more coming in the 2020s.

This profile covers the first four graphic novels (1959/1962).

These have the additional charm of age. Especially when it comes to the vintage racing cars.



  • Real Name: Michel Vaillant.
  • Known Relatives: Jean-Pierre Vaillant (brother), Henri Vaillant (father), Madame Vaillant (unnamed mother), Agnès Vaillant née de Chanzy (sister-in-law), Benjamin Vaillant (uncle).
  • Group Affiliation: Vaillante motorcar racing team.
  • Base of Operations: Paris, France.
  • Height: 5’10” (1.78 m). Weight: 160 lbs. (72 Kg.).
  • Eyes: Brown. Hair: Black.

Powers & Abilities

Michel Vaillant is in exceptional physical shape. By late 1950s standards he follows a superb regimen. He spends a lot of time practicing soccer, apparatus gymnastics, tennis and judo.

He also completely eschews alcohol and tobacco, which was rare back then.

He has superb eyesight, keen reflexes and a superior endurance.

The one behind the wheel

He is also a gifted racing driver, and has just reached the point where he proves he’s among the greatest of his generation.

Furthermore he’s a disciplined driver, well capable of gauging the risks he’s taking and of racing strategically.

Vaillant isn’t half-bad with lighter speedboats.

He also demonstrated superior skill with a Gendarmerie motorbike (a Terrot 500cm3 RDA  , I’d imagine). And he’s clearly familiar with long-haul trucks driving.


It’s obvious, I think…

And yes, this tune’s a joke. Mostly. I hope.


By 1959, Michel Vaillant is a young but promising race driver, apparently in his early 20s.

He’s the lead driver for Team Vaillante, a French auto builder run and presumably founded by his father. Michel’s brother Jean-Pierre is one of the Vaillante engineers, and the second driver during endurance races.

Michel also works as a well-regarded auto and racing journalist.

In his world, Vaillante is a B-list but still large cars manufacturer. Even back in those days, it had thousands of employees.

It also has a significant media and top-of-mind presence, especially in France.

The Great Challenge

During the late 1950s, US newspaper the New Indian took exception that the great Fangio  had been repeatedly crowned as *World* Drivers’ Champion.

The paper claimed that races such as the Indianapolis 500 were much tougher than European ones. But this didn’t really go anywhere.

Yet this fabricated buzz resulted in good sales. Wanting to get in on this action, a French newspaper organised a series of races between a European driver and a US driver.

This wasn’t commonly done back then, if only because of the duration of Transatlantic travel.

Michel Vaillant (BD Comics) (Early)

Michel Vaillant after an eventful race, back when good racing goggles were a must.

Vaillant vs. Warson

Since the publisher was a friend of Henri Vaillant, Michel was picked as the European driver.

Meanwhile, the publisher of the New Indian picked Steve Warson as the US driver. Warson was very popular with the public, but hadn’t yet won the Indianapolis 500.

The first contact between Vaillant and Warson, in New York City, didn’t go well due to a cultural difference. Having never visited the US, the Frenchmen knew little about the spectacle and mythologisation around American race drivers back then.

Buenos Aires

The first race of the challenge took place in Buenos Aires. Warson took the lead, and Vaillant found himself stuck behind two Maserati during most of the race. These were deliberately blocking him.

Again due to cultural differences, the Frenchmen thought that Warson was behind this plot. This wasn’t actually the case – Warson was furious about it.

The competitors deduced that the Maserati drivers had likely been paid by Argentine bookmakers to force the Vaillante to lose the race.

Michel Vaillant (BD Comics) (Early) family and helpers

Joseph the lead Vaillante mechanic, Mr. Vaillant, Mrs. Vaillant, Michel, Agnès, Jean-Pierre, and Steve Warson.

Indy 500

The next competition was the prestigious Indianapolis 500.

Initially, Vaillant had trouble adapting to this peculiar race. He ended up in the last position and losing a lap to Warson, who was in the lead.

But he stuck behind Warson, gradually working his way back to fourth. Within the final nine laps, an amused Watson let Vaillant overtake him.

It had been a ruse. The Vaillante Grand Prix’s engine was much more powerful than Vaillant had let on. Soon, Vaillant and Warson were duelling at 170+ mph, beating the speed record for an Indianapolis lap.

The Vaillante Grand Prix was pushed all the way to 180 mph (290 km/h). As he tried to match that, Warson’s Novi Special   s engine caught fire.

Vaillant thus won the Indy 500. However his engine was completely cooked, which superficially burned his face.

Francorchamps and Le Mans

The third race was at Francorchamps  , for the Belgian Grand Prix.

However, Vaillant was taken out by an exhaust leak. Freed by defective soldering, the carbon dioxide nearly knocked him out. British driver Peter Collins  won the race.

The fourth competition was at Le Mans, for France’s famous 24-hour endurance race. Warson was driving a Lister Jaguar  , and Vaillant a Vaillante Le Mans.

However, Warson didn’t pace himself right for this unusually long race. The Belgian Ferrari Testa Rossa  driven by Swaters  and Bianchi nearly won, but the Vaillante Le Mans narrowly overtook it.

With this victory, Michel Vaillant and Steve Warson were evenly matched in the scoring system.

Final round

The last race at the German Grand Prix — at Nüburgring  — would thus be decisive.

The race on this demanding circuit was remarkable. But Watson took excessive risks to pass Evanni’s Maserati and crashed his Vanwall  .

Vaillant narrowly beat Evanni, but continued racing to loop back to Warson’s crash site. Arriving shortly before the ambulance, Vaillant volunteered for a transfusion to save Warson’s life.

Once Warson could leave the hospital, the Vaillants took him in – so he could recover in the best conditions. That was because Warson had no living direct relatives, and was rather far from home.

Michel then became the head of publicity for Vaillante, building upon his journalistic experience.

The driver without a face

In 1960, the Vaillants were in Monaco. Michel participated in a small powerboat race. Though he was a beginner, his father thought that Michel’s rep on land would help sell Vaillante maritime engines.

However, the lad had to crash his boat into an out-of-control outboard to save another pilot’s life.

Meanwhile, an anonymous driver, with a car from no known brand, was repeatedly spotted training on Formula One circuits. Driver X, wearing a then-high-tech mirrored visor helmet, was doing superior lap times.

Racing Driver X

The mysterious X then registered for the famous Monaco Grand Prix.

In one of this circuit’s demanding turns, X skidded out of control – but quickly recovered. More powerful than the Vaillante, X’s mystery car even retook the lead.

However, X threw the race at the last moment. He let Vaillant win. The Frenchman was furious about that.

X handily won the next Francorchamps race, whereas the Vaillante was brought down by engine troubles. It was becoming clear that the Vaillante Grand Prix wasn’t state-of-the-art anymore.

A rumour also spread that X was a Soviet driver.

Michel Vaillant (BD Comics) (Early) Driver X

The terribly mysterious Driver X in his terribly mysterious prototype.

Cold War tension

But by the next Grand Prix, an actual Soviet team — driving Zvezdas — entered the European championship for the first time.

(I *think* that Zvezda only exists in this universe, much like Vaillante.)

Steve Warson also entered the championship driving a Novi, as the US government sought to lessen the odds of a Soviet victory. Driver X was also present.

The Soviets handily won at Reims. Vaillant crashed to avoid a crashing Aston Martin  , and Driver X abandoned the race to make sure that Vaillant was OK.

Warson performed poorly. Like the Vaillante, his Novi wasn’t good enough anymore.

The truth about Driver X

As it turned out, Driver X had been Jean-Pierre Vaillant all along. Disagreeing with Henri Vaillant’s poor decision not to work on a new Formula One Vaillante, he had developed his own – skunkworks-style.

The big mystery was in order not to make Vaillante look bad if his prototype didn’t work out. And the “mysteriously foreign” mechanics of Driver X were simply speaking… in Breton  .

Though the race at Reims had been lost, Jean-Pierre’s tests meant that Vaillante now had a powerful, brand-new F1 design.

Two were built in time for the next Monza  race. Team Vaillante recruited Steve Warson as a second pilot, since the Novi clearly couldn’t compete in European races.

Monza was a double Vaillante victory, as the Soviet drivers were much less familiar with the circuit than with Reims’.

Michel Vaillant (BD Comics) (Early) Vaillante Formula One

The 1959 Vaillante Formula One.

The circuit of fear

The excellent performances of the Russian F1s, and the poor showing of US-made cars in European races, inspired the Soviets. They decided to challenge American car makers to a Cold War road race.

By this point the international renown of US brands was beginning to fade. Thus, a commercial offensive of Soviet car makers was credible – to Henri Vaillant’s dismay.

Vaillant seized the initiative. He offered an alliance with Ferrari, Aston Martin, Vanwall, Porsche, Jaguar, Mercedes and Maserati. These would organise a varied set of three major races, inviting Americans and Soviet competitors.

After much negotiation an European, a US and a Soviet team were assembled, all driving multiple brands. The races would take place at Sebring (Florida)  , in Spain, and in Poland.

The heat is on

Vaillant won the American-style 12-hour race at Sebring. Warson came second on a Corvette S.S.  , Berckman (European team) third on a Lister-Jaguar, and Nassiev (Soviet Team) fourth on a Volga  .

The US team then invited everyone to visit the brand new circuits at Daytona  . There, Michel established an unofficial record with a Formula One Scarab  .


Gran Turismo

The Gran Turismo  race took place in Spain – San Sebastian to Barcelona, via Madrid and Toledo. One of the European cars was the brand new Vaillante Ouragan.

But the race would clearly be demanding, taking a nasty toll on both the drivers and the cars. Furthermore, somebody was sabotaging the European team.

At Sebring, one of the European pilots had been poisoned. Nothing fatal, but enough to have almost caused an accident as he spaced out. And in Spain, somebody broke into the garages and sabotaged several cars.

Thus, the European drivers feared that their cars could break down at any point. And indeed, von Richter’s Porsche Carrera  , subtly sabotaged, crashed with nearly fatal consequences.

Michel also nearly died due to the poor maintenance of 1960s Spanish roads. However, locals ran in to help him get his car back on the road, and he thus finished fourth.

Saboteur exposed, and final race

It was Jean-Pierre Vaillant’s wife Agnès who discovered the truth.

One of the British mechanics was an impostor. He was the father of a pilot killed in a racing accident, and he wrongly blamed von Richter for this.

The sabotage at Sebring had accidentally affected the wrong man, and the crude sabotages in San Sebastian were meant to cover for the much subtler sabotage of von Richter’s Carrera.

In Warsaw, the European drivers thus could compete in a Formula One race without fear of sabotage. Von Richter having a broken arm, he was replaced by a Dutch colleague.

In the end it was a clear European victory, with the US and USSR teams ending up within one point of each other.

Meanwhile, Japanese automakers were still obscure entities working for their developing domestic market.

Soundtrack #2

Lessee, 1959 France… oh yes, Guy Béart.

This is extremely 1959 Boy Scout fare (and so’s the sound quality). But it’s a classic.

Night haul

In 1962, Benjamin Vaillant asked his nephew to talk with a teenager named Yves Douléac.

Yves was the son of one of Benjamin’s truckers, who had died in a traffic accident. Therefore, Benjamin felt responsible for Yves, and had given him a small job with his trucking company.

But Yves had become bitter. He also seemed involved in shady, lucrative business. Since Yves used to idolise Michel Vaillant, it was hoped that a talk with him could prevent him from making a mistake.

Michel investigated, with Steve Warson’s help. The American was taking a vacation in France, and would soon join Team Vaillante. He also seized the occasion to learn to drive long-haul Vaillante trucks.

Shady businesss

The investigation slowly unearthed that Régis, the unruly son of a rival trucking company’s owner, was under the mob’s thumb.

This rival was also using a more modern, and more exploitative, business model of truck ownership by drivers to quickly expand. Thus, it was taking market shares away from Benjamin Vaillant’s more staid operation.

It was then accidentally discovered that the truck Yves was helping with was ferrying weapons.

The driver was captured by the mob to prevent him from talking, but Yves escaped and warned Michel. Vaillant and Warson took on a bunch of thugs and rescued the trucker. But the mobster they were after escaped.


The gendarmerie had been deployed, and Michel Vaillant convinced the owner of Night Haul Radio to have his listeners join the dragnet.

Between the irate nocturnal truckers, the police motorcyclists and Vaillant, the criminals were intercepted and arrested.

By this point, Michel was finishing setting up the Vaillante School, an apprenticeship program in the auto industry. Yves Douléac, who wanted to become a race driver, was an early recruit.

Yves also cut his vaguely long hair, and renounced his black leather jacket – as all honest 1962 lads should !

Michel Vaillant (BD Comics) (Early) Late 1950s racing cars at Le Mans

Jean-Pierre Vaillant gives his wife Agnès a tour of the competitors at Le Mans in 1959. As the caption helpfully explains, he’s wearing a green armband since he’ll be a co-pilot in the next race.


A handsome hero with black hair and a small spit curl. He’s not that tall or bulky, but he’s manifestly athletic.

Michel tans easily. After a few days in the sun he’s drawn with the same complexion as his Italian or Argentine colleagues.

Michel Vaillant (BD Comics) (Early) with Steve Warson

Michel Vaillant and Steve Warson shake hands for the press.


Michel lives for racing.

However, he is also a gentleman. Competition is a pleasure, not an end. He loves speed and duels of skill, not beating others. He earnestly upholds the de Coubertin  spirit of sportsmanship.

However, it is also important that he wins to raise the profile of the Vaillante brand.

When he gets downtime after a race, Michel is a big fan of seaside vacations in the Mediterranean sun. The Vaillants have a large coastal villa near Menton, near the Italian border.

Other traits

He is so virtuous as to practically be a saint. Michel is the role-model for all good Catholic sons.

The Vaillant family is an idealised version of a Catholic French family of these times. So it has :

  • A hard-working and authoritative father.
  • A mother who exists to support the men.
  • Two pious, dutiful Boy Scouts sons.

(Back then children’s books published in France had to contend with the moral authority of the Catholic Church and/or the Communist Party (yeah, those were weird decades). So for instance you have Michel Vaillant praying to the Lord for victory at Le Mans, while Masquerouge fights the aristocracy to defend the proletariat. Too bad they couldn’t team up.)

The Vaillant clan is tightly-knit. It works tirelessly to ensure the success of the familial company through their high-profile racing team.

DC Universe Adaptation

(This section proposes ways of using this character in DC Universe stories).

Steve Warson could be renamed Steve Carson, and be the brother of the famous speleologist.

Michel Vaillant (BD Comics) (Early) Steve Warson driving a Novi Special

Steve driving his white Novi Special at Indianapolis, as another helpful caption comments on the tactics and psychology of the competitors.

DC Heroes RPG

Michel Vaillant (Earliest)

Dex: 03 Str: 02 Bod: 04
Int: 04 Wil: 04 Min: 04
Inf: 04 Aur: 05 Spi: 04
Init: 013 HP: 020


Artist (Gymnastics, Writer): 04, Martial Artist (incl. Techniques): 04, Vehicles (Land): 06, Vehicles (Water): 05

Bonuses and Limitations:

Vehicles (Water) only for motorboats.


Buddy (Steve Warson), Credentials (Vaillante automaker, High), Expertise (Motorcar racing lore), Familiarity (Line fishing), Language (French-accented English), Local Hero (French motorcar racing fans).


Motorcar racing world (Low).


SIA toward Sportsmanship.


Good son.


Race driver.



Steve Warson

Steve has roughly the same stats as Michel, but half as many Hero Points.

He lacks the Artist Skill and the Martial Artist Techniques Subskill, but he has STR 03.

Before being a race driver, Warson was a middleweight college boxing champ. And he’s always up for demonstrating these talents, if the cause is just !

Warson is emblematic of the figure of the “doughty Anglo-Saxon adventuring buddy” that was common in period Francophone pop fiction. The other big example is Bob Morane’s buddy Bill Ballantine, sauvé de justesse des crocodiles.

Writeups.org writer avatar Sébastien Andrivet

By Sébastien Andrivet.

Source of Character: Earliest four Michael Vaillant GNs.

Helper(s): Darci, Jukka Torvїnen.

Writeup completed on the 14th of January, 2018.